Health depends on many things, and ‘equal’ health is hard to achieve. Health providers try to provide quality services to all people in their care. However, factors such as age, poverty (deprivation), ethnicity, housing, health care service designs and government policies can all influence health.
British Columbians are among the healthiest people in the world, and we have a leading health system that provides top-quality service. However, many of us do not have the same opportunities to be as healthy as others.
Health equity is created when individuals have the fair opportunity to reach their fullest health potential. Achieving health equity requires reducing unnecessary and avoidable differences that are unfair and unjust.
Established in 2005 and funded through the Public Health Agency of Canada, the six National Collaborating Centres (NCCs) for Public Health work together to promote the use of scientific research and other knowledge to strengthen public health practices, programs and policies in Canada.
The general objective of this 3-year project (2013-2015) is to assist Member States/regions to develop evidence-based action plans on reducing health inequalities, which also informs the use of European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF) in the next programming period.
Health Equity 2020 Toolkit
The aim of the Health Equity 2020 project is to assist regions in Europe in drawing up evidence-based action plans to address socioeconomic health inequalities. An important product within Health Equity 2020 is a toolkit which provides a step-by-step approach towards developing these action plans.
Addressing the social determinants of health to help build fairer, healthier, and more sustainable communities for all.
EuroHealthNet is a not-for-profit partnership of organisations, agencies and statutory bodies working on public health, disease prevention, promoting health, and reducing inequalities.
Large inequalities in health status and life expectancy exist across population groups and within the OECD countries. These inequalities in health status are linked to many factors, including differences in exposure to health risk factors and in access to health care.
In the Region of the Americas, evidence exists on how the SDH [social determinants of health] influence a wide range of health outcomes and efforts towards universal health, as reflected in both the development of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the ways in which they were pursued by countries.
Equity in health is a cardinal expression of social justice, attained when every individual has the opportunity to reach his full health potential and no one is excluded or hindered from reaching that potential because of his social status or other socially determined circumstances.
The Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH) was established by WHO in March 2005 to support countries and global health partners in addressing the social factors leading to ill health and health inequities.
Equity is the absence of avoidable, unfair, or remediable differences among groups of people, whether those groups are defined socially, economically, demographically or geographically or by other means of stratification. "Health equity” or “equity in health” implies that ideally everyone should have a fair opportunity to attain their full health potential and that no one should be disadvantaged from achieving this potential.
Monitoring health inequalities is crucial to identify differences in health between different population subgroups. This provides evidence on who is being left behind and informs health policies, programmes and practices that aim to close existing gaps and achieve health equity.
The social determinants of health (SDH) are the non-medical factors that influence health outcomes. They are the conditions in which people are born, grow, work, live, and age, and the wider set of forces and systems shaping the conditions of daily life. These forces and systems include economic policies and systems, development agendas, social norms, social policies and political systems.